Dechloranes

E.g. Dechlorane Plus®: formula: C18H12Cl12 ; CAS Registry Number: 13560-89-9
Structure of Dechlorane Plus®
Source: PubChem

Chlorinated flame retardants

Dechlorane Plus®, first used as a substitute for the pesticide Mirex, is a high-production volume chemical that consists of two isomers (syn and anti). In the technical mixture, the anti-isomer accounts for approximately 60 to 80% of the total isomers. Anti-Cl11-Dechlorane Plus (Cl11-Anti-DP) and anti-Cl10-Dechlorane Plus (Cl10-anti-DP) are examples for degradation products of Dechlorane Plus® after dechlorination. 1,5-Dechlorane Plus® Mono-Adduct is a transformation product (Diels Alder adduct) of Dechlorane Plus®. Dechlorane 602, Dechlorane 603 and Dechlorane 604 are similar substances to Dechlorane Plus®, also being replacement substances for Mirex.
Dechlorane Plus® is a potential substitute for DecaBDE and suspected to be highly persistent, to show biomagnification and potential for long-range transport.

Substances

syn-Dechlorane Plus A flame retardant
anti-Dechlorane Plus A flame retardant
Dechlorane 602 A flame retardant
Dechlorane 603 A flame retardant
Dechlorane 604 A flame retardant
Cl10 Dechlorane Plus A flame retardant
Cl11 Dechlorane Plus A flame retardant
1,5-Dechlorane Plus Mono Adduct A flame retardant

Specimen

Zebra mussel Common mussel species as invasive animal in rivers and lakes with high information level for water pollution
Bream Bioindicator in rivers and lakes
Suspended particulate matter Fine insoluble mineral or organic particles in the water phase
Blue mussel One of the most important edible mussel species common in the North and Baltic Sea
Eelpout As the only viviparous fish in German nearshore waters, it is a bioindicator in nearshore coastal marine ecosystems.
Herring gull Inshore, the herring gull mainly feeds from the sea: upon fish, mussels, and crabs.
Common spruce A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.
Pine A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.
Lombardy poplar A deciduous tree typical of ecosystems close to dense conurbations and an indicator for the characterisation of the immission situation during the vegetation period.
Beech As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.
Roe deer, one-year-old The roe deer is the most common of the larger herbivores (first order-consumer) to be found in the wild in Europe.
Earthworm (Aporrectodea longa) As an organism living at ground level, it is a major driver of the decomposition of organic material (e.g. plant litter).
Earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris) As an organism living at ground level, it is a major driver of the decomposition of organic material (e.g. plant litter).
Soil Soil is livelihood and biosphere for humans, animals, plants and soil organisms. All the substances brought in are transported, transformed and/or accumulated in the soil.

Sampling area

BR/NP Berchtesgaden The only high mountains national park in Germany and an area of the Limestone Alps with international relevance
Saarländischer Verdichtungsraum Important, old-industrialised conurbation in Germany.
Bornhöveder Seengebiet Main water divide between the North- and Baltic Sea
Rhein Longest river in Germany
NP Bayerischer Wald Germany's first national park
NP Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft National Park in the largest brackish water (Bodden) habitat of the world.
BR/NP Wattenmeere National park in the world largest connected sand and mud flats.
Elbe Fourth largest river basin in Central Europe
Verdichtungsraum Halle-Leipzig Region in the chemical triangle of Central Germany
NP Harz Germany's largest forest national park
Solling Second highest and largest low mountain range in Northern Germany
BR Pfälzerwald Germany's largest connected forest area in a range of low mountains
Oberbayerisches Tertiärhügelland The Upper Bavarian Tertiary Uplands are a part of the Southern German Molasse Basin
Donau Second largest river in Europe

Sampling period

1985 - 2016