NP Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft

Bodden National Park of Western Pomerania

National Park in the largest brackish water (Bodden) habitat of the world.

The Bodden National Park of Western Pomerania was established in 1990 to protect one of the most untouched stretches of the Baltic coast, including the Darß/Zingst peninsula, the islands of Werder, Bock and Hiddensee, the west coast of Rügen Island and 687 km2 of water.

The overall surface area of the National Park is 805 km2, divided into two zones. Zone I embraces areas dominated by nearly natural landscapes with scarcely any economic activity, while the remaining terrain combines to form Zone II.

The Bodden is regarded as one of the few remaining natural landscapes in Central Europe still extant. This is natural shoreline which undergoes permanent change.

The landscape was created about 6000 years ago when the sea advanced and flooded previously dry terrain, leaving hill ridges as islands. The sea has constantly eroded these formations, depositing the material elsewhere as sandbanks, spits of land and peninsulas. The coastline essentially acquired its present contours about 4000 years ago, although in more recent times Darß/Zingst, Hiddensee and Rügen have gradually been growing closer together.

Nowhere else on the Baltic coast is this typology so distinct, with an abundance of alternating cliff and flat shoreline, spits, beach-lined lakes, shallow marine inlets (or bodden), windy flats, sandy dunes and beaches, all in close proximity.

Sub-areas

Halbinsel Fischland/Darß/Zingst Peninsula in the Western Pommerania Bodden National Park
Kubitzer Bodden Bodden in the southwestern part of the island Rügen.
Nordküste Rügen Coastal region west of Kap Arkona.

Specimen

Common bladder wrack Common brown alga of the coastal areas of the North and Baltic Sea
Blue mussel One of the most important edible mussel species common in the North and Baltic Sea
Eelpout As the only viviparous fish in German nearshore waters, it is a bioindicator in nearshore coastal marine ecosystems.
Herring gull Inshore, the herring gull mainly feeds from the sea: upon fish, mussels, and crabs.

Analytes

Metals Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Nonmetals Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Organometallic compounds Organic substances with at least one metall atom
Chlorohydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom
DDT and metabolites Toxic and persistent organochloropesticide
Hexachlorocyclohexane Several isomeric compounds among the group of chlorinated hydrocarbons
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances Persistent organic compounds in which the hydrogen atoms at the carbon skeleton are completely (perfluoroalkyl) or partially (polyfluoroalkyl) substituted by fluorine atoms.
Polycyclic musks Class of synthetic fragrances
Alkylphenol compounds Class of non-ionic surfactants and their degradation products
Stable Isotopes Atoms of one element with different weights
Flame Retardants Flame retardants reduce the flammability of objects
Supplementary parameters Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data

Sampling period

1991 - 2019

Extended information

Links to external information and legislation