BR/NP Berchtesgaden

Berchtesgaden Biosphere Reserve/National Park

The only high mountains national park in Germany and an area of the Limestone Alps with international relevance

Berchtesgaden National Park is located in Bavaria. It was established in 1978 and comprises the core and cultivation zone of the Biosphere Reserve (BR) established in 1990. The mountainous landscape is characterized by tall peaks well exceeding 2,000 metres above sea level and steep, rugged cliff faces. Since the 19th century the population in the region has significantly developed and recreation areas were opened in the surrounding areas.

The sampling area BR/NP Berchtesgaden

  • is characterized by a representative, complete alpine habitat type: deciduous trees and conifers, bushes of mountain pines, mountain pastures, vegetated bedrocks, mires, brooks, lakes and glaciers.
  • exhibits a very high alpine species diversity
  • is to 67% strictly protected (core zone)
  • represents the pollution situation of an untouched high mountain region in Germany.




  • A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.
  • As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.
  • The roe deer is the most common of the larger herbivores (first order-consumer) to be found in the wild in Europe.
  • Soil is livelihood and biosphere for humans, animals, plants and soil organisms. All the substances brought in are transported, transformed and/or accumulated in the soil.


Sampling period

1991 - 2022

Extended information

Links to external information and legislation