Common beech, European beech; scientific name: Fagus sylvatica
Photo: UPB-Projektgruppe Trier

As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.

 Unlike the coniferous spruce, it prefers lower altitudes.

The leaves are the target organ. Sampling takes place in the late summer before the leaves begin to change colour from August to mid-September.

Guideline for Sampling and Sample Processing Red Beech (Fagus sylvatica)

Target organs/Matrices

Leaves As the assimilation organs of the dominant deciduous tree species growing in summer, beech leaves are very well-suited as bioindicators for atmospheric immissions during the vegetation period.

Sampling area

BR/NP Berchtesgaden The only high mountains national park in Germany and an area of the Limestone Alps with international relevance
Bornhöveder Seengebiet Main water divide between the North- and Baltic Sea
NP Bayerischer Wald Germany's first national park
NP Harz Germany's largest forest national park
Solling Second highest and largest low mountain range in Northern Germany
BR Pfälzerwald Germany's largest connected forest area in a range of low mountains
Oberbayerisches Tertiärhügelland The Upper Bavarian Tertiary Uplands are a part of the Southern German Molasse Basin


Metals Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Nonmetals Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl compounds Organic compounds which are fully (per-) or partially (poly-) fluorinated
Stable Isotopes Atoms of one element with different weights
Flame Retardants Flame retardants reduce the flammability of objects
Perchlorate Salts of perchloric acid
Supplementary parameters Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data

Sampling period

1989 - 2019

Biometric parameters


Extended information

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