Roe deer, one-year-old

scientific name: Capreolus capreolus
Roe deer yearling
Photo: UPB-Projektgruppe Trier

The roe deer is the most common of the larger herbivores (first order-consumer) to be found in the wild in Europe.

Its suitability as a specimen type for the Environmental Specimen Bank in nearly natural, forestry and agrarian ecosystems derives from its well-researched function as a bioindicator, with adequately dense, site-bound populations and a pronounced ability to adapt to different conditions. The target organ is the liver.

Sampling takes place between mid-May and mid-June (10-15 yearlings).

Guideline for Sampling and Sample Processing Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)

Target organs/Matrices

Liver As the main reloading point of the substances within the body, most substances are best traceable in the liver. The liver is located in the abdomen of the roe deer which is usually not hurt by the shot.

Sampling area

BR/NP Berchtesgaden The only high mountains national park in Germany and an area of the Limestone Alps with international relevance
Saarländischer Verdichtungsraum Important, old-industrialised conurbation in Germany.
Bornhöveder Seengebiet Main water divide between the North- and Baltic Sea
NP Bayerischer Wald Germany's first national park
Verdichtungsraum Halle-Leipzig Region in the chemical triangle of Central Germany
NP Harz Germany's largest forest national park
Solling Second highest and largest low mountain range in Northern Germany
BR Pfälzerwald Germany's largest connected forest area in a range of low mountains
Oberbayerisches Tertiärhügelland The Upper Bavarian Tertiary Uplands are a part of the Southern German Molasse Basin


Metals Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Nonmetals Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Chlorohydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl compounds Organic compounds which are fully (per-) or partially (poly-) fluorinated
Stable Isotopes Atoms of one element with different weights
Flame Retardants Flame retardants reduce the flammability of objects
Supplementary parameters Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data

Sampling period

1989 - 2018

Biometric parameters


Extended information

Links to external information and legislation