Important, old-industrialised conurbation in Germany.
The Saarland conurbation developed with the rise of the industrialization at the beginning 19th century. Because of its extensive mineral resources it became a centre of mining and iron and steel industries. These activities went along with a severe environmental pollution typical for these industries. Nowadays, the importance of these
old industries is decreasing while the automotive industry and its subcontractors, the ceramic industry as well as computer sciences and information technologies are gaining importance.
The early and intensive industrialization has led to an excellent traffic infrastructure. Furthermore, the small scale segmentation of large parts of the Saarland has resulted in a high per capita car rate in Germany.
Population density increased rapidly in the late 17th, early 18th and especially in the 19th century. Since the 1980s, however, the population declines.
Two thirds of the Saarland is covered by deciduous mixed forest. This makes the Saarland, next to Hessen and Baden-Württemberg, one of the federal states (Bundesländer) with the highest percentage of forest. In contrast to forests in other federal states, the percentage of deciduous trees is highest in the Saarland.
The sampling area covers about 625 km2 and includes three polluted areas as defined in the Federal Immission Control Act and in the Polluted Site Regulation of the Saarland administration.
|Saartal||Core zone of the Saarland industrial region along the major waterway Saar|
|Warndt||Forest ecosystem between the industrial regions of the Saarland and Lorraine|
|Saarkohlewald||The former centre of mining and coal, iron and steel industry becomes the Regional Park Saar|
|Common spruce||A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.|
|Lombardy poplar||A deciduous tree typical of ecosystems close to dense conurbations and an indicator for the characterisation of the immission situation during the vegetation period.|
|Roe deer, one-year-old||The roe deer is the most common of the larger herbivores (first order-consumer) to be found in the wild in Europe.|
|Feral pigeon||A pigeon species home in nearly every city.|
|Earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris)||As an organism living at ground level, it is a major driver of the decomposition of organic material (e.g. plant litter).|
|Zebra mussel||Common mussel species as invasive animal in rivers and lakes with high information level for water pollution|
|Bream||Bioindicator in rivers and lakes|
|Soil||Soil is livelihood and biosphere for humans, animals, plants and soil organisms. All the substances brought in are transported, transformed and/or accumulated in the soil.|
|Suspended particulate matter||Fine insoluble mineral or organic particles in the water phase|
|Metals||Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals|
|Nonmetals||Only eighteen elements in the periodic table|
|Organometallic compounds||Organic substances with at least one metall atom|
|Chlorohydrocarbons||Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom|
|Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons||Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings|
|Triclosan||Chlorinated aromatic biocide|
|Polycyclic musks||Class of synthetic fragrances|
|Alkylphenol compounds||Class of non-ionic surfactants and their degradation products|
|Supplementary parameters||Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data|
1985 - 2012