Sum of PBDE congeners (EQS compliant)

According to the European Water Framework Directive (WFD), brominated diphenyl ethers are subject to an environmental quality standard (EQS) of 0.0085 ng/g in biota. The biota EQS refers to fish and applies to the sum of the congeners BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153 and BDE-154.


  • As the only viviparous fish in German nearshore waters, it is a bioindicator in nearshore coastal marine ecosystems.
  • The roe deer is the most common of the larger herbivores (first order-consumer) to be found in the wild in Europe.

Sampling area

Sampling period

2003 - 2017