Human samples

Human body fluids and hair.

Specimens

Students Student groups with an even number of female and male students at the age of 20 to 29.

Sampling area

Sampling sites (humans) 4 university cities as sampling areas.

Analytes

Metals Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Nonmetals Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Chlorohydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom
Phthalates and substitutes General-purpose plasticizers for PVC and other polymers
Bisphenol A Commercially important precursor of polymers like polycarbonates and epoxy resins
Biocides and plant protection products Chemical agents against harmful organisms and for plant protection
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances Persistent organic compounds in which the hydrogen atoms at the carbon skeleton are completely (perfluoroalkyl) or partially (polyfluoroalkyl) substituted by fluorine atoms.
Parabens Preservatives in food and cosmetics
Supplementary parameters Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data

Sampling period

1981 - 2017