Free-standing beeches in the area of the slope of Hochwalddistriktsteig.
The sampling site for beech in the NP Bavarian Forest is situated in the west of the Markungsgraben (a ditch) in an altitude of 1,120 to 1,220 metres. It is exposed to the south and southeast.
The beeches, especially in areas above 1,180 metres (although since the year 2000 also in lower altitudes) were isolated by the successive dieback of old spruce in the 1990s. Moreover, many of them were damaged by falling spruce crowns. This has resulted in an increased exposure to atmospheric conditions and immission. Nevertheless, the ratio of beeches is significantly higher in the new grown forests than in the old forests.
Recommended analysis examples
As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.
Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings
Organic compounds which are fully (per-) or partially (poly-) fluorinated
Atoms of one element with different weights
Flame retardants reduce the flammability of objects
Salts of perchloric acid
Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data
1989 - 2018