Unterhalb Saalemündung

Downriver Saale mouth

Sub-area downstream of the confluence of the rivers Saale and Mulde

The sub-area lies in the river section Middle Elbe where the river flows to the northwest. The river bed is gently descending. It has the character of a lowland river with extensive floodplains and backwaters with temporary or permanent connection to the stream.

No transverse structures hinder the flow of the Elbe. Nevertheless, the river here is strongly modified by embankments, groynes, and revetments. The natural structures of the river with  wide valleys and branching and shifts of the stream course during floods and low water have been strongly altered.

Sampling site

Barby (km 296) Southernmost sampling site of the Middle Elbe


Zebra mussel Common mussel species as invasive animal in rivers and lakes with high information level for water pollution
Bream Bioindicator in rivers and lakes
Suspended particulate matter Fine insoluble mineral or organic particles in the water phase


Metals Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Nonmetals Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Organometallic compounds Organic substances with at least one metall atom
Chlorohydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom
DDT and metabolites Toxic and persistent organochloropesticide
Hexachlorocyclohexane Several isomeric compounds among the group of chlorinated hydrocarbons
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings
Biocides and plant protection products Chemical agents against harmful organisms and for plant protection
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl compounds Organic compounds which are fully (per-) or partially (poly-) fluorinated
Polycyclic musks Class of synthetic fragrances
Alkylphenol compounds Class of non-ionic surfactants and their degradation products
Stable Isotopes Atoms of one element with different weights
Supplementary parameters Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data

Sampling period

1993 - 2019