Human exposure to phthalates in Germany: Current data (1988 to 2015) available online
The results of the current study on phthalate metabolites in ESB urine samples are published and can be searched.
The current study extends the Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) trend analysis to 2015. ESB human biomonitoring data now comprise the worldwide longest time series on human exposure to various phthalates by covering 28 years.
Concentrations of metabolites inter alia of following phthalates have been analyzed in 24 h urine samples donated by young adults:
- dimethyl phthalate (DMP)
- diethyl pthalate (DEP)
- diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP),
- di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP),
- butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP),
- diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and
- diisononyl phthalate (DiNP).
The current data reveal that exposure to several phthalates (e.g. DEHP) has further substantially decreased. For other compounds (e.g. DiNP) concentrations have only slightly decreased in recent years.
The data of phthalate exposure can be searched.
Hint about data search: In addition to the tables data can be displayed in diagrams. These diagrams are displayed as bar charts by default. However, also line charts, box-plots, and stacked bar charts are useful visualizations of the ESB phthalate data. Change the diagram type at "If applicable, view as" and click on "View". E.g., stacked bar charts can be used to display the sums of the specific metabolites of a compound.