Fourth largest river area in Central Europe.
On its 1,100 km course from its source in the Sudeten Mountains to its estuary at Cuxhaven, the Elbe drains a catchment area of 148,268 km2. A part of the catchment area, 97,119 km2 in size, is on German territory, with 727.7 km of river.
Average water flow is 313.0 m3/s at the Czech border and 877.3 m3/s at Cuxhaven.
79,177 km2 of the catchment area, inhabited by 13.6 million people, lies in those Länder created to replace the former administrative units of East Germany. These Länder draw 80% of their total water requirement from the Elbe.
Recommended analysis examples
|Grenze Deutschland/Tschechische Republik||First sub-area in the river Elbe after crossing the Czech-German border.|
|Raum Zehren||Transition area between the upper and middle courses of the river Elbe.|
|Unterhalb Saalemündung||Samples in this sub-area are analysed to investigate the pollution of the river Elbe after taking on the waters from the rivers Saale and Mulde.|
|Raum Schnackenburg||Nearest natural section of the River Elbe.|
|Unterelbe||Only sub-area in the tidal section of the river Elbe.|
|Zebra mussel||Common mussel species as invasive animal in rivers and lakes with high information level for water pollution|
|Bream||Bioindicator in rivers and lakes|
|Suspended particulate matter||Fine insoluble mineral or organic particles in the water phase|
|Metals||Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals|
|Nonmetals||Only eighteen elements in the periodic table|
|Organometallic compounds||Organic substances with at least one metall atom|
|Chlorohydrocarbons||Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom|
|Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons||Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings|
|Triclosan||Chlorinated aromatic biocide|
|Polycyclic musks||Class of synthetic fragrances|
|Alkylphenol compounds||Class of non-ionic surfactants and their degradation products|
|Supplementary parameters||Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data|
1993 - 2012